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Cancer and Treatment Modalities

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Elham Hosseinzadeh, Nooshin Banaee* and Hassan Ali Nedaie   Pages 17 - 27 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Cancer is one of the most dreadful diseases all over the world that can cause death. Cancer could be treated with different methods such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Methodology: In this review study, various techniques in cancer treatment especially radiotherapy modalities including three dimensional radiation therapy, intensity modulated radiation therapy, image guided radiation therapy, intra operative radiotherapy, stereotactic methods and brachytherapy are reviewed and discussed.

Conclusion: Over recent years, radiotherapy techniques have been greatly developed which create various suitable conditions for the treatment of different cancers while sparing normal tissues. As the radiotherapy techniques developed, tumor covering and precision on dose delivery increased.

Keywords:

Cancer, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery, intra operative radiotherapy, brachytherapy.

Affiliation:

Department of Medical Radiation, Engineering Faculty, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Department of Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Radiotherapy Oncology Research Center, Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

Graphical Abstract:



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