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Virtual Screening of Novel Hybrid Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): Exploring Multiple Targeted Cancer Therapy by an In Silico Approach

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Ashish P. Shah* and Chhagan N. Patel   Pages 70 - 77 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Dual-targeting/Multi-targeting of oncoproteins by a single drug molecule represents an efficient, logical and alternative approach to drug combinations. In silico methods are useful tool for the search and design of selective multi-target agents.

Objective: The objective of the present study was to design new hybrid compounds by linking the main structural unit of the NSAIDs with the benzothiazole and thiadiazole ring and to discover new hybrid NSAIDs as multi targeted anticancer agents through in silico approach.

Method: Structure-based virtual screening was performed by applying ADMET filtration and Glide docking using Virtual screening Workflow. The docking studies were performed on three different types of receptors TNF-α, COX-II and protein kinase. Bioactivity prediction of screened compounds were done using Molinspiration online software tool.

Results: Out of the 54 designed compounds eighteen were screened on the basis of binding affinity on various receptors and ADMET filtration. Bioactivity prediction reveals that screened compounds may act through kinase inhibition or enzyme inhibition. Compounds 2sa, 5sa, 6sa and 7sa showed higher binding affinity with all three receptors.

Conclusion: The study concluded that compound 2sa, 5sa, 6sa, and 7sa could be further explored for multiple targeted cancer therapy.

Keywords:

Virtual screening, docking, ADMET studies, novel hybrid NSAIDs, cancer, oncoproteins.

Affiliation:

Gujarat Technological University, Ahmadabad, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Shree Sarvajanik Pharmacy College, Mehsana

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