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Combination Therapy of Cisplatin and other Agents for Osteosarcoma: A Review

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Mohamad Z. Kasiram, Hermizi Hapidin*, Hasmah Abdullah, Azlina Ahmad and Sarina Sulong   Pages 137 - 147 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Osteosarcoma is the most common type of primary bone tumor in children and adolescents, which is associated with rapid progression and poor prognosis. Multimodal therapy is the most common approach utilized for osteosarcoma management, such as the application of chemotherapy in combination with surgery or radiation therapy. Cisplatin is one of the predominantly used chemotherapeutic agents for osteosarcoma. Optimally, it is employed in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs along with surgery or radiation therapy. Despite the availability of numerous treatment approaches, the patient survival rate has not definitively improved over the past three decades.

Methods: We have summarized all findings regarding the combination of cisplatin with other chemotherapeutic agents as well as with phytochemical compounds.

Results: A combination of cisplatin with a phytochemical compound synergistically enhances the killing effect of cisplatin on osteosarcoma cells with fewer side effects compared to combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.

Conclusion: Conclusively, a combination of cisplatin with selected chemotherapeutic drugs has been shown to be effective. However, the unchanged survival rate has posed an urge to search for a new combination regimen. As a collaborative effort to substantiate the therapeutic efficacy, the combination with phytochemical compounds shows a promising response both in vitro as well as in the preclinical study.

Keywords:

Osteosarcoma, chemotherapy, combination treatment, cisplatin, phytochemical compound, natural product.

Affiliation:

School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Human Genome Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan

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